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Product Code: SID4559.0

Cas No: 775-12-2

100 g
25 g
2 kg
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Product data and descriptions listed are typical values, not intended to be used as specification.

Dialkyl Silane Reducing Agent

Organosilanes are hydrocarbon-like and possess the ability to serve as both ionic and free-radical reducing agents. These reagents and their reaction by-products are safer and more easily handled and disposed than many other reducing agents. The metallic nature of silicon and its low electronegativity relative to hydrogen lead to polarization of the Si-H bond yielding a hydridic hydrogen and a milder reducing agent compared to aluminum-, boron-, and other metal-based hydrides. A summary of some key silane reductions are presented in Table 1 of the Silicon-Based Reducing Agents brochure.

Diphenylsilane; Dihydridodiphenylsilane
  • Converts amides to aldehydes in combination with Ti(OiPr)4
  • Used in the preparation of silyl-substituted alkylidene complexes of tantalum
  • Used in the ionic reduction of enones to saturated ketones
  • Used in the reductive cyclization of unsaturated ketones
  • Reduces esters in the presence of zinc hydride catalyst
  • Silylates 1,2-diols in presence of tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane
  • Reduces α-halo ketones in presence of Mo(0)
  • Used in enantioselective reduction of imines
  • Reduces thio esters to ethers
  • Selective reduction of esters
  • Reduces esters to alcohols with Rh catalysis
  • Employed in the asymmetric reduction of methyl ketones and other ketones
  • Reductively cleaves allyl acetates
  • Extensive review of silicon based reducing agents: Larson, G.; Fry, J. L. "Ionic and Organometallic-Catalyzed Organosilane Reductions", Wipf, P., Ed.; Wiley, 2007
  • EINECS Number: 212-271-4

    Specific Gravity: 0.9969

    Flashpoint: 98°C (208°F)

    HMIS Key: 2-1-1-X

    Hydrolytic Sensitivity: 3: reacts with aqueous base

    Formula: C12H12Si


    Refractive Index: 1.5795

    Application: Converts amides to aldehydes in combination with Ti(OiPr)4.2
    Selective reduction of esters.3
    Silylates 1,2-diols in presence of tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane.4
    Used in enantioselective reduction of imines.5
    Reducing agent.1

    Reference: 2. Bower, S. et al. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1996, 35, 1515.
    3. Onta, T. et al. Tetrahedron Lett. 1999, 40, 6963.
    4. Blackwell, J. M. et al. J. Org. Chem. 1999, 64, 4887.
    5. Takai, I. et al. Organometallics 1999, 18, 2271.

    Fieser: F&F: Vol. 1, p 348.