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- Einecs Number 213-912-0
- HMIS 3-4-2-X
- Molecular Formula C2H7ClSi
- Molecular Weight (g/mol) 94.62
- Purity (%) 98%
- TSCA Yes
- Delta H Vaporization (kJ/mol) 6.27 kcal/mole
- Boiling Point (˚C/mmHg) 36
- Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (x10-4 K-1) 0.116
- Density (g/mL) 0.868
- Flash Point (˚C) -25 °C
- Melting Point (˚C) -111°
- Refractive Index @ 20˚C 1.3827
Review of synthetic utility.1
Enantioselectively converts ?-hydroxyketones to 1,2-diols.2
1. Handbook of Reagents for Organic Synthesis, Reagents for Silicon-Mediated Organic Synthesis, Fuchs, P. L. Ed., John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., 2011, p. 156-157.
2. Burk, M. J.; Feaster, J. E. Tetrahedron Lett. 1992, 33, 2099.
Tri-substituted Silane Reducing Agent
Organosilanes are hydrocarbon-like and possess the ability to serve as both ionic and free-radical reducing agents. These reagents and their reaction by-products are safer and more easily handled and disposed than many other reducing agents. The metallic nature of silicon and its low electronegativity relative to hydrogen lead to polarization of the Si-H bond yielding a hydridic hydrogen and a milder reducing agent compared to aluminum-, boron-, and other metal-based hydrides. A summary of some key silane reductions are presented in Table 1 of the Silicon-Based Reducing Agents brochure.
Dimethylchlorosilane; Chlorodimethylsilane; Dimethylsilyl chloride