BIS(TRIMETHYLSILYL)ACETYLENE

Product Code: SIB1850.0
CAS No: 14630-40-1
SDS Sheets: EU | US
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10 g
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50 g
$251.00
1.5 kg
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13 kg
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140 kg
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Product data and descriptions listed are typical values, not intended to be used as specification.

  • Einecs Number

    238-671-9
  • HMIS

    2-4-1-X
  • Molecular Formula

    C8H18Si2
  • Molecular Weight (g/mol)

    170.40
  • TSCA

    Yes
  • Boiling Point (˚C/mmHg)

    133-135
  • Density (g/mL)

    0.770
  • Flash Point (˚C)

    2 °C
  • Melting Point (˚C)

    22°
  • Refractive Index @ 20˚C

    1.413

Additional Properties

  • Hydrolytic Sensitivity

    2: reacts with aqueous acid
  • Application

    Key review.1
    Key review.2
    Used to prepare 1,2-bis(aryl)acetylenes.3
    Reacts with internal acetylenes to form 1,2,4,5-tetrasubstituted benzenes.4
    Useful in silicon-mediated Sonogashira cross-coupling reactions.5
    Used to prepare 4-alkynylthiazoles.6

    Reference

    1. Weber, W. In Silicon Reagents for Organic Synthesis; Springer-Verlag: 1983, p129.
    2. Vollhardt, P. Acc. Chem. Res. 1977, 10, 1.
    3. Nishihara, Y. et al. J. Org. Chem. 2000, 65, 1780.
    4. Li, S. et al. Org. Lett. 2009, 11, 3318.
    5. Larson, G. L. “Silicon-Based Cross-Coupling Reagents” Gelest, Inc. 2011.
    6. Arunkukmar, K. et al. Tetrahedron Lett. 2012, 53, 3885.

    Safety

  • Packaging Under

    Nitrogen
  • Alkynylsilane Cross-Coupling Agent

    The cross-coupling reaction is a highly useful methodology for the formation of carbon-carbon bonds. It involves two reagents, with one typically being a suitable organometallic reagent - the nucleophile - and the other a suitable organic substrate, normally an unsaturated halide, tosylate or similar - the electrophile.

    Bis(trimethylsilyl)acetylene; Bis(trimethylsilyl)ethyne

  • Useful in Sonogashira cross-coupling reactions
  • Versatile reagent for introducing unsaturation
  • Used to prepare 1,2-bis(aryl)acetylenes
  • Reacts with internal acetylenes to form 1,2,4,5-tetrasubstituted benzenes
  • Used to prepare 4-alkynylthiazoles
  • Extensive review of silicon based cross-coupling agents: Denmark, S. E. et al. "Organic Reactions, Volume 75" Denmark, S. E. ed., John Wiley and Sons, 233, 2011
  • Silicon Chemistry, Articles

    Silicon-Based Formation of Carbon-Carbon Bonds – Larson

    Hatanaka and Hiyama first reported the palladium-catalyzed, fluoride-promoted reaction of aryl, alkenyl, allyl, and ethynyltrimethylsilanes with aryl, vinil and allyl halides to form the respective cross-coupled products

    Articles

    Some Aspects of the Chemistry of Alkynylsilanes – Larson

    In amongst the considerable chemistry of acetylenes there lies some unique chemistry of alkynylsilanes (silylacetylenes) some of which is reviewed herein. This unique character is exemplified not only in the silyl protection of the terminal C–H of acetylenes, but also in the ability of the silyl group to be converted into other functionalities after reaction of the alkynylsilane and to its ability to dictate and improve the regioselectivity of reactions at the triple bond. This, when combined with the possible subsequent transformations of the silyl group, makes their chemistry highly versatile and useful.